How Common Is To Have A Blighted Ovum?

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What is a blighted ovum?

When a fertilized egg attaches itself to the uterine wall and the embryo does not develop, it results in the condition called a blighted ovum or “anembryonic pregnancy”. Cells develop to form the pregnancy sac, but not the embryo. A blighted ovum usually occurs in the first trimester, even before the knowledge of pregnancy. A high level of chromosome abnormalities usually causes a woman’s body to naturally miscarry.

How to detect blighted ovum?

A blighted ovum can occur very early in pregnancy, even before obtaining the knowledge of pregnancy. Some may experience different signs of pregnancy such as a missed or late menstrual period and even a positive pregnancy test. The placenta continue to grow and support itself without a baby for a short time, and pregnancy hormones may continue to rise, which would lead to a belief that she is still pregnant. Until an ultrasound test is performed it is quite difficult to detect an empty womb or an empty gestational sac.

Causes of blighted ovum

Studies show that 50% of first trimester miscarriages are due to blighted ovum and is usually the result of chromosomal problems. A woman’s body recognizes abnormal chromosome changes in a fetus and do not continue the pregnancy because the fetus will not develop into a healthy baby. This can be caused either by abnormal cell division or poor quality sperm or egg.

Treatment of blighted ovum

A woman’s body is capable of passing tissue on its own and there is usually no need for an invasive surgical procedure with a risk of complications. Therefore most doctors do not recommend a D&C for an early pregnancy loss. A D&C be beneficial in order to examine the tissues to determine a reason for the miscarriage.

How can a blighted ovum be prevented?

Unfortunately, there are no preventive measures for blighted ovum. A blighted ovum is often a one time occurrence, and there are rare chances to experience again. Most doctors recommend couples to wait at least 1-3 regular menstrual cycles before trying to conceive again after any type of miscarriage.