Gonorrhea is a highly contagious sexually transmitted disease infecting both men and women. Mainly spread through vaginal, anal and oral sex with a partner who has gonorrhea and if untreated, the bacteria spreads from the site of infection within days or weeks. However if treated at the earlier stage, gonorrhea can be cured quickly.
Gonorrhea is quite hard to diagnose as it does not possess any obvious signs right away. Anyway, first sign can be if a partner, past or current, begin to develop symptoms.
Some men may not show any symptoms, but at the same time some other men develop symptoms that include:
Symptoms of gonorrhea in women may include:
Generally, if treated, gonorrhea can be completely eliminated. However, long term effects may occur with delayed treatment.
In order to prevent complications during pregnancy, it is recommended to have a checkup for gonorrhea the first prenatal visit. It is highly recommended to take precautions if one suspect to get effected by the disease, so that proper treatment can be planned. This may decrease pregnancy complications as it include the risk of passing it on to the baby.
If left untreated, gonorrhea can lead to an increased risk in miscarriage and premature birth. In addition to that, infection may get passed from mother to newborn baby during vaginal delivery, which may lead to a severe eye infection.
If detected, gonorrhea can be very easily treated in the infant. Ceftriaxone is used to treat uncomplicated gonorrhea, which is also safe for both pregnant mothers and infants. Therefore it is important to seek treatment immediately if once affected by gonorrhea in order to prevent the risk of passing gonorrhea to the child at birth and to avoid further complications..