Gestational hypertension also known as pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) can be referred as a condition characterized by high blood pressure during pregnancy. Gestational hypertension can lead to a serious condition called preeclampsia, also referred to as toxemia. It was found that hypertension during pregnancy period affects about 6-8% of pregnant women.
There are different ways in which high blood pressure can be categorized during pregnancy period.
The three common types of gestational hypertension includes:
The following women will be at an increased risk of developing gestational hypertension:
The healthcare provider may check your blood pressure, urine levels and also kidney and blood-clotting functions. An ultrasound scan may be performed to check the baby’s growth, and the use of a Doppler scan can measure the efficiency of blood flow to the placenta.
If you are close to your due date and the baby has developed enough, then the health care provider may want to deliver your baby as soon as possible as part of the treatment.
If you have mild hypertension and if the baby is not fully developed, your doctor may probably recommend the following:
If you have severe hypertension, your doctor may treat you with blood pressure medication until you are far enough to deliver safely.
Hypertension can prevent the placenta from getting enough blood. And if the placenta gets deprived of enough blood, baby gets less oxygen and food which may result in low birth weight. It is advised to detect and treat hypertension early in order to avoid complications. If the condition is severe, it can lead to preeclampsia, which can have much more serious affects on mom and baby.
Currently, there are no proper preventive measures for hypertension. Some ways that can help to prevent gestational hypertension include the following: